Release Date: March 15, 2017
BUFFALO, N.Y. – The opioid epidemic affecting the nation will be the focus of the University at Buffalo School of Nursing’s 20th Annual Bullough Lecture, which will be presented by Peggy Compton, PhD, associate professor at the University of Pennsylvania.
In her presentation, “Addiction, Opioids and Pain: Exemplar Nursing Science,” Compton will explore the overlap between pain and addiction disorders, how opioids can alter pain perception, strategies for responsibly prescribing pain medication and how to recognize substance use disorders in patients with chronic pain.
The Bullough Lecture is the keynote event of the School of Nursing’s annual Research Day, which unites nursing scholars across Western New York to discuss and share advancements in the study of pressing health-care issues.
The lecture is scheduled for Friday, March 31, from 3-4 p.m. in 403 Hayes Hall on the UB South Campus. The event is free and open to the public. A reception will follow. To register, visit http://bit.ly/2iG282a prior to March 23.
“Dr. Compton will address opioid abuse in chronic pain patients, a timely and urgent topic. Her presentation will provide relevant research evidence and clinical challenges regarding this topic and increase our understanding of this growing public health concern,” says Yu-Ping Chang, PhD, associate professor and associate dean for research and scholarship in the UB School of Nursing.
Prescription opioid abuse has reached epidemic proportions, with more than half of patients being treated for chronic pain reportedly misusing their medication at some point.
Opioids are one of the most commonly prescribed medications used to treat individuals with chronic pain, an issue that affects nearly half of Americans at some point in their lives. According to the American Society of Addiction Medicine, in 2012 some 259 million opioid pain medication prescriptions were written, enough for every adult in the U.S. to have a bottle of pills.
“Substance abuse is a chronic disease and major source of morbidity and mortality in the U.S. It is also an exemplar for independent nursing intervention,” says Compton, also van Ameringen Chair in Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing at the University of Pennsylvania.
“Understanding how it affects the human experience of pain is critical to treating the suffering associated with each.”
Compton studies the pain responses of opioid-addicted individuals, and is an expert in detecting abuse and addiction among patients with chronic pain. Her research explores opioid addiction from a neurophysiological and clinical perspective with a focus on how the presence of pain affects its expression. More recently, she has studied pain-opioid interactions on immune cells.
She has received numerous awards, including the Research in Addictions Nursing Annual Award from the International Nurses Society on Addictions, and is a fellow of the American Academy of Nursing.
Compton is the recipient of more than $2 million in grant funding from institutions that include the National Institute of Drug Abuse, and she has published nearly 40 articles in academic journals.
In addition to practicing as a staff nurse at several hospitals and medical centers, Compton has taught at Yale University, Georgetown University and the University of California, Los Angeles.
She earned a doctorate in nursing science from New York University, a master’s degree in neuroscience nursing from Syracuse University and a bachelor’s degree in nursing from the University of Rochester.
The Bullough Lecture is the final event of Research Day, which will also include an additional lecture by Compton from 8:30-9:30 a.m. in 403 Hayes Hall. The discussion, “Translational Research in Opioid Use Disorder and Chronic Pain,” is co-sponsored by the UB Clinical and Translational Science Institute and will address pain management and opioid abuse.
Additional presentations will occur from 9:50-11:30 a.m. They include:
A poster session that includes research presentations by UB nursing students will follow.
For more information on Research Day or the Bullough Lecture, visit nursing.buffalo.edu.