240 Squire Hall
Buffalo, New York 14214-3008
Dr. Adham A. Azim
Director, Advanced Program in Endodontics
Member, American Board of Endodonics
Applications for Fall 2017 Enrollment will be accepted from
May 18 - August 01, 2016.
This advanced education program prepares dentists for the specialized practice of Endodontics. The clinical and didactic Endodontic faculty represent extensive clinical, teaching and research experience. Residents receive intensive clinical training under close supervision of Endodontists in the multidisciplinary Postgraduate Clinic in the School of Dental Medicine. Didactic courses cover biological sciences and a wide range of clinical topics related to Endodontics. Integrated into the program are experiences in teaching and research. A report based on original research in clinical endodontics or related basic science is required.
The Advanced Program in Endodontics accepts 3 applicants to the program each year.
The clinical program is oriented to dentists who want to enter private practice and provide excellent Endodontic care. The placement of implants is not a component of this program. Residents treat patients with diverse Endodontic and associated problems. Degrees of difficulty range from uncomplicated to the highly complex.
Each resident has their own operatory with x-ray unit and digital radiography. The close working relationship between the attending faculty and residents allow residents to provide a variety of treatment for patients with complicated histories and clinical needs. The current faculty to student ratio (11 faculty / 7 students) meets the goals and objectives of the program. The program director is full-time. Seven part time faculty members each spend ½ day to 1 day per week in clinical teaching activities.
Patient referrals for consultation and treatment come from many sources including the advanced education programs at UB and private general and specialty dental practices. Endodontic residents see an array of emergency conditions for diagnosis and treatment.
The new resident is introduced to a basic technique for cleaning, shaping and obturation that includes the used of hand and rotary instrumentation and warm vertical condensation. Warm gutta-percha techniques have been taught at UB for over 30 years. In addition, methods for diagnosis, retreatment, removal of posts and broken instruments, use of ultrasonics, and more are used routinely in the clinic. The opportunity to use different treatment systems is available to the resident as they progress in the program. Of course surgical Endodontics is also taught, again with close faculty oversight and participation.
Advanced students are required to purchase a Zeiss microscope package (excluding mount). The advanced program provides such attachments as Camcorders, adaptors, co-observation ports, etc., to enhance the clinical and learning experience. By completion of the program, the resident provides at least 95% of Endodontic treatment with the microscope.
In addition to the microscope, advanced students are required to purchase some chairside instrumentation such as electronic heat obturators, gutta-percha delivery systems and electronic apex locators. All instruments are supported by the program while the advanced student is matriculated. All purchases are made between the advanced student and supplier. Files, rotary files, burs and surgical instruments are provided by the program. A PC compatible laptop computer is also required.
The program length is 24 months of full-time attendance beginning August 1st, the first year. Successful completion of the program leads to a Certificate of Proficiency in Endodontics and fulfills the educational requirements of the American Board of Endodontics. Students may combine endodontic training with study for a graduate degree such as an M.S. in Oral Sciences or a Ph.D. in Oral Biology or other disciplines. The combined programs may entail a longer period of matriculation depending on the chosen graduate program.
The Advanced Program in Endodontics accepts 2 US or Canadian citizens and 1 International applicant to the program each year. The International applicant is required to be supported through scholarship by his/her government. Successful applicants are generally from the top 10% of their class though not exclusively. The selection committee reviews all aspects of an application before making any final decisions. National Board scores, Part I and/or II, are required. Standardized tests provide the ability for comparative review of applicants.
The Advanced Program in Endodontics includes classroom lectures and true seminar style conferences to study the art and underlying science of Endodontics. Course work is often complementary to Master of Science requirements. The Division of Endodontics maintains a private library with over 350 hard copy titles concentrating on Endodontics. Care is taken to obtain new titles as they become available. Appropriate licensed software and e-books are also made available for faculty and resident use.
Frequent case presentations and literature reviews are core activities that help residents acquire personal skills and knowledge in the program. Collegial peer and faculty review heighten this learning experience. Graduates have over a 97% success rate in passing written Endodontic board exams in the US and Canada.
The Endodontic conference room is where many activities take place. It equipped with a laptop computer, data projector, SmartBoard, video, VCR, ether net, wireless, audio, conference phone and multiple laptop input, for didactic courses, seminars, visiting faculty, and meetings. Another room includes a desktop PC with scanners and video software for editing of clinical and teaching videos. All residents have access to Endoshare, a server holding shared PowerPoint presentations, e-books,case presentations, videos, literature reviews, and more. Residents each have their own office workspace.
The Health Sciences library is adjacent to the School of Dental Medicine and provides instructional programs and services to the health sciences schools including seminars tailored for the Advanced Program in Endodontics. Currently, the library has approximately 1370 full-text electronic journals (including 140 dental related journals), newsletters, and other serials. Biomedical databases are available through HUBNET (Hospitals and University at Buffalo Library Resources Network sponsored by 35 institutions). HUBNET is an enhanced reference and communications system that provides computer access to health-related bibliographic databases, including MEDLINE, full-text journals, clinical manuals and textbooks, drug-information resources, expert systems, and communication tools. HUBNET is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Access is provided through Ethernet and wireless access available to all students throughout the UB campus.
Following are the minimum requirements for successful completion of the Advanced Program in Endodontics. Modifications may be made at the discretion of the Program Director.
The Post Graduate Endodontic Student:
Is required to report to the Post Graduate Endodontic clinic throughout the program whether a patient is scheduled or not. The Graduate Program requires the satisfactory completion of a minimum of 200 clinical cases. This should include a minimum of 120 molars, 20 surgical cases and 5 vital pulp management cases. The Program director, with faculty consensus, can waive the minimum require if the resident has demonstrated clinical proficiency
Must complete 75 recall examinations of Endodontic Post Graduate Cases.
Is required to participate in an on-call schedule as developed and defined by the Program Director and the Post Graduate students.
Is required to submit clinical cases following the format of the American Board of Endodontics according to the following cumulative schedule:
First semester – 5 cases
Second semester – 10 cases
Third semester – 15 cases
Fourth semester – 20 cases
Must become and maintain student membership in the American Association of Endodontists.
Is required to take the written board of the American Board of Endodontics (or the written exam for the Canadian Royal College of Dentists) in the 4th semester of the program.
Is required to satisfactorily complete required biomedical science didactic courses and all endodontic core courses with a grade of S or an average grade of B or better. Grades below C in any course are considered to be unsatisfactory.
Is required to attend at least one annual session of the American Association of Endodontists. Financial support may or may not be available from the Division of Endodontics.
Is required to participate in and facilitate the presentation of Continuing Education Courses in Endodontics when sponsored by the Division.
Is required to teach in the undergraduate preclinical technique course and in the pre doctoral clinic. There is no University remuneration for teaching.
Is allowed 20 days per year for personal time. This would include semester breaks, intersession, personal time, practice development, etc. This excludes time spent at professional meetings and University designated Holidays (not semester breaks). ALL time away must be requested in writing (or e-mail)and approved in advance by the Program Director.
Must conduct a research study in the area of clinical or basic science. The student is required to submit a thesis and a manuscript based on this study suitable for publication in a targeted peer reviewed professional journal, such as the Journal of Endodontics. Upon completion of the study, the student will be required to defend the results of their investigation before a selected panel of faculty and outside reader(s). Successful completion of these requirements must be attested to by the research mentor. The student must identify a research mentor an topic by the beginning of classes in the second semester of the program. Following, the Program director will meet with the student and mentor to develop expectations for completion of the research project. If in a Masters Program, receipt of the Certificate of Proficiency is contingent upon successful defense of the Master’s Thesis.
Required courses change as the needs of the Program changes. Following is the most current list of required courses.
CLD 555 - Head and Neck Anatomy
CLD 946 - Postgraduate Implant Dentistry
CLD 946 - Postgraduate Implant Dentistry
ODS 535 - Advanced Oral Pathology
OS 502 - Physiology of Pain
OS 506 - Biomaterials 1 1.0 School of Dental Medicine
OS 510 - Research Seminar In Oral Sciences
OS 512 - Research Design In Oral Sciences
PER 900 - Journal Club
PER 901 - Postgraduate Endodontic Literature Review Seminars
PER 902 - Current Journal Review
PER 903, PER 904, PER 924, PER 925 - Advanced Endodontic Lecture Series and Clinical Seminars in Endodontics.
PER 905 - Advanced Endodontic Clinic
PER 906 - Endodontic Treatment Planning and Case Presentations
PER 926 - Supervised Teaching in Endodontics
PER 927 - Advanced Endodontic Technique
PER 928 - Advanced Surgical Techniqe
PER 940 - Endodontic Microbiology
PER 978 - Seminars in Dental Pharmacology
The University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine Endodontics Program accepts application materials through the American Dental Education Association, Postgraduate Application Support Service (PASS). This service enables applicants to send an originals of most application materials to PASS for distribution to all the programs that the applicant selects.
PASS must receive application materials by August 1, 2016 for Fall 2017 matriculation. Applicants are encouraged to apply as early as possible.
For PASS applications and instructions, please contact:
Phone: (617) 612-2065
· On-line PASS Application - Apply Now
· $50.00 non-refundable application fee paid on UBePay
Additional documentation to include in PASS application:
· CV / Resume
· Three Letters of Evaluation (Institutional/Professional Evaluations) to ADEA PASS (do not send directly to the school). Graduates of US or Canadian dental schools must submit an Institutional Evaluation Form (IEF) or Dean's letter. The other letters may be from academic faculty.
· Official U.S. dental school transcript, official foreign dental school transcript (in English) is strongly preferred, foreign dental school transcript evaluation, translation or request for exception to PASS
· NBDE Scores reported in ADEA PASS Application (Official score report NOT required; do not send directly to the school)
o Graduates of US or Canadian dental schools: NBDE Part I required; Part II preferred
o Graduates of International dental schools: NBDE Part I and Part II are preferred not required
International Applicants (in addition to the requirements listed above):
- TOEFL Score reported in ADEA PASS Application (Official score report NOT required; do not send directly to the school). Score must be at or above minimum of 550 (written) / 213 (computer based) / 79 (internet based) or better obtained within eighteen months of the application deadline.
- ***REQUIRED ONLY if Accepted into the program:
- UB Financial Form / Financial Scholarship Letter (This document will be submitted at a later time - Not throughPASS)
- All International applicants must complete and upload to their application the UB financial form documenting all the sources of your financial support with the sponsor's signature. Official supporting documentation as outlined in the instructions must also be uploaded.
- If student is sponsored by their government, an official financial documents verifying scholarship support has to be submitted - upload in Bank Documents section
- No certificate of eligibility will be issued without satisfactory financial documentation. Financial documentation is required for visa issuance only- documentation may be submitted after acceptance but I-20 documentation cannot be issued without it.
* All documents become property of the University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine and are not returnable to the applicant.
If you have questions regarding the application process please contact:
Ms. Kristin Yager, Advanced Education Admissions Coordinator, Telephone: (716) 829-2839, E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
The Endodontic postgraduate student is required to purchase a laptop computer, electronic heat obturator, injectible gutta-percha instrument, electronic apex locator, and other misc. chairside instruments. Hand files, rotary files, and electric motors are supplied. Complete information will be given at time of interview or upon request.
M. Margaret Vickerman, D.M.D., Ph.D.
CLINICAL ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS
Satish M. Bhambhani, B.D.S., M.D.S., D.D.S.
Hesham M. El Tagouri, D.M.D., M.D.S.
Carole T. Pantera, D.D.S., M.S
Eugene A. Pantera, Jr., D.D.S., M.S.
CLINICAL ASSISTANT PROFESSORS
Patrick J. Battista, D.D.S.
Paul G. Calabrese, D.D.S., M.S.
Hatim A. Hamad, D.D.S., M.S
Richard Rubin, D.D.S., M.S.
Sandra Shostad, D.M.D., M.S
Neil J. Small, D.D.S.
Steven M. Stern, D.D.S.
Michael Vatral, D.D.S., M.S
ASSISTANT CLINICAL INSTRUCTORS
Isaac Lee, DDS
Sarah Sciarrino, DDS
Giana Siegel, DDS
Ming Shih Levine, DDS, MS
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