The rap1/Krev-1 gene encodes a ras-related protein that suppresses transformation by ras oncogenes. We have purified an 88 kd GTPase activating protein (GAP), specific for the rap1/Krev-1 gene product, from bovine brain. Based on partial amino acid sequences obtained from this protein, a 3.3 kb cDNA was isolated from a human brain library. Expression of the cDNA in insect Sf9 cells resulted in high level production of an 85-95 kd rap1GAP that specifically stimulated the GTPase activity of p21rap1. The complete deduced amino acid sequence is not homologous to any known protein sequences, including GAPs specific for p21ras. Northern and Western blotting analysis indicate that rap1GAP is not ubiquitously expressed and appears most abundant in fetal tissues and certain tumor cell lines, particularly the Wilms' kidney tumor, SK-NEP-1, and the melanoma, SK-MEL-3, cell lines.