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Interaction of Cysteine String Proteins with the α1A Subunit of the P/Q-type Calcium Channel

Interaction of Cysteine String Proteins with the α1A Subunit of the P/Q-type Calcium Channel*

  1. Michael Seagar§
  1. From the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Unité 464, Institut Jean Roche, Faculté de Médecine Secteur Nord, Bd. Pierre Dramard, 13916 Marseille Cedex 20, France and the Mitsubishi Kasei Institute of Life Science, Machida,Tokyo 194, Japan

Abstract

Cysteine string proteins (Csps) are J-domain chaperone proteins anchored at the surface of synaptic vesicles. Csps are involved in neurotransmitter release and may modulate presynaptic calcium channel activity, although the molecular mechanisms are unknown. Interactions between Csps, proteins of the synaptic core (SNARE) complex, and P/Q-type calcium channels were therefore explored. Co-immunoprecipitation suggested that Csps occur in complexes containing synaptobrevin (VAMP), but not syntaxin 1, SNAP-25, nor P/Q-type calcium channels labeled with125I-ω-conotoxin MVIIC. However binding experiments with 35S-labeled Csp1 demonstrated an interaction (apparentK D = 700 nm at pH 7.4 and 4 °C) with a fusion protein containing a segment of the cytoplasmic loop linking homologous domains II-III of the α1A calcium channel subunit (BI isoform, residues 780–969). Binding was specific as it was displaced by unlabeled Csp1, and no interactions were detected with fusion proteins containing other calcium channel domains, VAMP, or syntaxin 1A. A Csp binding site on the P/Q-type calcium channel is thus located within the 200 residue synaptic protein interaction site that can also bind syntaxin I, SNAP-25, and synaptotagmin I. Csp may act as a molecular chaperone to direct assembly or disassembly of exocytotic complexes at the calcium channel.

Footnotes

  • * This work was supported by the International Human Frontiers Science Program and a grant (to S. P.) from the Institut Scientifique Roussel.The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. The article must therefore be hereby marked “advertisement” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact.

  • § To whom correspondence should be addressed. Tel.: 33-491698929; Fax: 33-491090506; E-mail: seagar.m{at}jean-roche.univ-mrs.fr.

  • Received March 5, 1998.
  • Revision received April 2, 1998.
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