Intraoperative pace-mapping has been proposed as a method of identifying the origin of ventricular tachycardia; however, both epicardial activation and electrocardiographic configuration have limitations in localizing the origin of ventricular tachycardia. Because most ventricular tachycardias associated with ischemic heart disease appear to arise near the endocardium, this study evaluated the ability of bipolar catheter endocardial pacing at or near the endocardial site of origin of spontaneous ventricular tachycardia to mimic the QRS configuration of the spontaneous tachycardia. Twelve patients were studied who had ventricular tachycardia whose origin was determined with catheter endocardial mapping. Three patients had ventricular tachycardia with two distinct configurations. The electrocardiogram of ventricular tachycardia was compared with the electrocardiogram produced by pacing at the site of origin (10 patients) and at multiple (two to nine) additional sites in 8 patients. It was observed that (1) pacing at the known site of origin of ventricular tachycardia produced an electrocardiogram and activation sequence similar to those produced by the ventricular tachycardia; (2) pacing at sites in close proximity to the site of origin of ventricular tachycardia produced either a similar or a grossly different electrocardiographic pattern from that during ventricular tachycardia. It is concluded that catheter endocardial pace-mapping (1) is a corroborative method of identifying the origin of ventricular tachycardia; (2) may be useful in patients with noninducible ventricular tachycardia or rapid ventricular tachycardia who cannot undergo catheter or intraoperative mapping; and (3) is neither easier, more accurate nor quicker than direct localization by mapping during ventricular tachycardia.