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Dent Clin North Am. 2014 Oct;58(4):771-82. doi: 10.1016/j.cden.2014.06.005. Epub 2014 Jul 22.

Oral health disparities in older adults: oral bacteria, inflammation, and aspiration pneumonia.

Author information

1
Department of Oral Biology, School of Dental Medicine, University at Buffalo - The State University of New York, Foster Hall, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA. Electronic address: fas1@buffalo.edu.
2
Geriatrics and Extended Care Services (10P4G), US Department of Veterans Affairs, PO Box 134002, Ann Arbor, MI 48113-4002, USA.

Abstract

Poor oral hygiene has been suggested to be a risk factor for aspiration pneumonia in the institutionalized and disabled elderly. Control of oral biofilm formation in these populations reduces the numbers of potential respiratory pathogens in the oral secretions, which in turn reduces the risk for pneumonia. Together with other preventive measures, improved oral hygiene helps to control lower respiratory infections in frail elderly hospital and nursing home patients.

KEYWORDS:

Aspiration pneumonia; Elderly; Oral bacteria; Oral hygiene; Vulnerable population

PMID:
25201541
DOI:
10.1016/j.cden.2014.06.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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