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Efficacy of 4 Irrigation Protocols in Killing Bacteria Colonized in Dentinal Tubules Examined by a Novel Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope Analysis. - PubMed - NCBI
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J Endod. 2016 Jun;42(6):928-34. doi: 10.1016/j.joen.2016.03.009. Epub 2016 Apr 27.

Efficacy of 4 Irrigation Protocols in Killing Bacteria Colonized in Dentinal Tubules Examined by a Novel Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope Analysis.

Author information

1
Department of Bioscience Research, College of Dentistry, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee.
2
Department of Biostatistics, University at Buffalo School of Public Health and Health Professions, Buffalo, New York.
3
Department of Bioscience Research, College of Dentistry, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee. Electronic address: gtjhuang@uthsc.edu.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The aim of this study was to determine the efficiency of 4 irrigation systems in eliminating bacteria in root canals, particularly in dentinal tubules.

METHODS:

Roots of human teeth were prepared to 25/04, autoclaved, and inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis for 3 weeks. Canals were then disinfected by (1) standard needle irrigation, (2) sonically agitating with EndoActivator, (3) XP Endo finisher, or (4) erbium:yttrium aluminum garnet laser (PIPS) (15 roots/group). The bacterial reduction in the canal was determined by MTT assays. For measuring live versus dead bacteria in the dentinal tubules (4 teeth/group), teeth were split open and stained with LIVE/DEAD BackLight. Coronal, middle, and apical thirds of the canal dentin were scanned by using a confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM) to determine the ratio of dead/total bacteria in the dentinal tubules at various depths.

RESULTS:

All 4 irrigation protocols significantly eliminated bacteria in the canal, ranging from 89.6% to 98.2% reduction (P < .001). XP Endo had the greatest bacterial reduction compared with other 3 techniques (P < .05). CLSM analysis showed that XP Endo had the highest level of dead bacteria in the coronal, middle, and apical segments at 50-μm depth. On the other hand, PIPS had the greatest bacterial killing efficiency at the 150-μm depth in all 3 root segments.

CONCLUSIONS:

XP Endo appears to be more efficient than other 3 techniques in disinfecting the main canal space and up to 50 μm deep into the dentinal tubules. PIPS appears to be most effective in killing the bacteria deep in the dentinal tubules.

KEYWORDS:

CLSM; EndoActivator; MTT assay; PIPS; XP Endo; dentinal tubules; root canal disinfection

PMID:
27130334
PMCID:
PMC4884135
DOI:
10.1016/j.joen.2016.03.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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