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Porphyromonas gingivalis suppresses invasion of Fusobacterium nucleatum into gingival epithelial cells. - PubMed - NCBI
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J Oral Microbiol. 2017 Jun 12;9(1):1320193. doi: 10.1080/20002297.2017.1320193. eCollection 2017.

Porphyromonas gingivalis suppresses invasion of Fusobacterium nucleatum into gingival epithelial cells.

Author information

1
Department of Oral Microbiology and Immunology, School of Dentistry, University of Louisville, KY, USA.
2
Dental Research Institute;Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Invasion of periodontal pathogens into periodontal tissues is an important step that can cause tissue destruction in periodontal diseases. Porphyromonas gingivalis is a keystone pathogen and its gingipains are key virulence factors. Fusobacterium nucleatum is a bridge organism that mediates coadhesion of disease-causing late colonizers such as P. gingivalis and early colonizers during the development of dental biofilms. The aim of this study was to investigate how P. gingivalis, in particular its gingipains, influences the invasion of coinfecting F. nucleatum into gingival epithelial cells. When invasion of F. nucleatum was analyzed after 4 h of infection, invasion of F. nucleatum was suppressed in the presence of P. gingivalis compared with during monoinfection. However, coinfection with a gingipain-null mutant of P. gingivalis did not affect invasion of F. nucleatum. Inhibition of PI3K reduced invasion of F. nucleatum. P. gingivalis inactivated the PI3K/AKT pathway, which was also dependent on gingipains. Survival of intracellular F. nucleatum was promoted by P. gingivalis with Arg gingipain mutation. The results suggest that P. gingivalis, in particular its gingipains, can affect the invasion of coinfecting F. nucleatum through modulating intracellular signaling of the host cells.

KEYWORDS:

Gingipain; PI3K/AKT pathway; gingival epithelial cells; invasion; mixed infection; periodontopathogens

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