As part of the Florida Dental Care Study--a longitudinal study of risk factors for changes in dental health--the authors examined and interviewed 873 adults aged 45 years and older. During the examination, clinicians noted the number of teeth present and the participant's dental condition, including presence of root caries and fillings or noncarious defects on the roots. The interview was conducted to collect demographic and other information such as the adults' perceptions about dental care and their perceptions about their own dental health. The authors found that men, African-Americans, adults living in rural areas and those living in poverty were significantly more likely to have root caries than other participants. The data reported in this article will serve as baseline information for subsequent research.