Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g) is the primary bacterial agent in many forms of chronic periodontitis. Since polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) are first-line responders to P.g.- induced inflammation, and fibrinogen is important for in vivo PMN in this disease, we have studied the effect of N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) (an inflammatory stimulus), P.g. fimbriae and fimbrial peptides (based on FimA, the main structural protein of P.g. fimbriae) on PMN-fibrinogen interactions. Freshly isolated human PMNs were allowed to react with FITC-Fibrinogen and various fimbrial peptides (denoted as FimA followed by amino acid number within whole FimA protein), and FITC-Fibrinogen binding was measured using flow cytometry. Freshly isolated neutrophils were also challenged with Fibrinogen and/or fimbrial peptides to measure IL-8 secretion using ELISA. Our studies show that fibrinogen binding to PMNs is enhanced (p < 0.01) in response to fMLP as well as fimbrial peptides (FimA 61-80) containing the motif LTTE (p < 0.01) in a dose dependent manner but not in response to peptides without that motif. We also observed that fMLP and FimA 61-80 have an additive effect on fibrinogen binding to PMNs (p < 0.05), and fMLP and FimA 171-185 significantly inhibit fMLP-induced fibrinogen binding (p < 0.01). To determine of the role of inflammatory cytokines, we examined IL-8 release from PMNs in response to combinations of P. gingivalis fimbriae, fMLP and fibrinogen. In all cases, IL-8 release increased in a dose-dependent manner (p < 0.05). fMLP-fibrinogen effect on IL-8 release from PMNs was synergistic while fimbriae-fibrinogen effect was additive. In summary, PMN priming by fimbrial peptides facilitates fibrinogen-PMN interaction and may increase inflammation.