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Equine Vet J. 2011 Jul;43(4):471-7. doi: 10.1111/j.2042-3306.2010.00292.x. Epub 2011 Jan 19.

The timeline of lamellar basement membrane changes during equine laminitis development.

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1
The Australian Equine Laminitis Research Unit, School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Australia.

Abstract

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY:

The timing of lamellar basement membrane (BM) changes occurring during laminitis development is incompletely understood.

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the temporal progression of lamellar BM changes and whether laminin-332 (Ln-332) γ2 cleavage products are generated during laminitis development.

METHODS:

Eight clinically normal Standardbred horses were allocated into treatment (n = 5) or sham (n = 3) groups. The treatment group received, via nasogastric intubation, an oligofructose (OF) bolus (10 g/kg bwt) while the sham group was given water. Laminitis induction proceeded for 48 h followed by euthanasia. Lamellar biopsies were obtained prior to dosing and at intervals during the treatment period for analysis (at 12, 18, 24, 30 and 36 h and at 48 h following euthanasia).

RESULTS:

Changes in lamellar collagen type IV and Ln-332 were first observed at 12 h post dosing. A unique pattern of reactivity for the Ln-332 γ2 antibody D4B5 occurred, in which reactivity was observed only in lamellar tissue affected by laminitis. No bioactive Ln-332 γ2 proteolytic fragments were detected in lamellar samples.

CONCLUSIONS:

Basement membrane changes occurred early during the laminitis process. Direct Ln-332 γ2 cleavage to release biologically active products did not appear to occur. Thus loss of stability or protein interaction of the BM is probably responsible for the γ2 specific reactivity observed.

POTENTIAL RELEVANCE:

Basement membrane changes may a first step in lamellar failure occurring prior to detection with conventional methods. Thus, more sensitive detection methods of BM changes are required to study laminitis development.

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