Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences

Robert E. Baier, Ph.D., P.E.
Professor, Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences

Office Address

355 Squire Hall / 110 Parker Hall
Buffalo, NY 14214


Faculty Profile
Robert E. Baier, Ph.D., P.E.
Professor [Oral Diagnostic Sciences]

Industry/University Center for Biosurfaces
Room 110 Parker Hall
State University of New York at Buffalo (SUNYAB)
Buffalo, NY 14214-3007

Tel: (716) 829-3560, (716) 832-9864 (Home), FAX: (716) 835-4872

Cleveland State University (Cleveland, OH), B.E.S. 1962, Engineering Sci/Physics
State University of New York at Buffalo, Ph.D. 1966, Biophysics
National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council (Washington, DC), Postdoctoral Associate 1966-1968, Surface Chemistry [U.S. Naval Research Lab]

1959-1961 - Surgical Research Laboratory Technician, Buffalo General Hospital, Buffalo, NY
1961-1962 - Nucleonics Engineer, Republic Steel Corporation, Cleveland, OH
1968-1976 - Research Physicist, Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory of Cornell University, Buffalo, NY
1976-1980 - Principal Physicist, Calspan Corporation Advanced Technology Center, Buffalo, NY
1980-1984 - Staff Scientist, Calspan Corporation Advanced Technology Center
1984-1985 - Visiting Associate Professor, State University of New York at Buffalo
1985-1989 - Director, NY State Center for Advanced Technology in Health-care Instruments & Devices,State University of New York at Buffalo
1989-1993 - Associate Professor, State University of New York at Buffalo
1993 -present - Professor, State University of New York at Buffalo

Additional Experience
Registered Professional Engineer, States of Ohio and New York [1968-present]
Certified Environmental Engineer (AAEE) [1971-present]
Res. Assoc. Prof., Dept. Biophysics, Roswell Park Div., SUNY/Buffalo 1990-present; Res.Asst.Prof: 1972-1990]
Research Asst. Prof., Dept. Biomaterials, SUNY/Buffalo [1978-1990]
Research Professor, Dept. Biophysical Sciences, SUNY/Buffalo [1983-present]
Visiting Assoc. Prof., Dept. Stomatology and Interdisciplinary Sci., SUNY/Buffalo [1984-1994]
Adjunct Assoc. Prof., Dept. Chemical Engineering, SUNY/Buffalo [1985-1994]
Chair, Gordon Conference on Biomaterials and Biocompatibility [1989]
Director, Industry/University Center for Biosurfaces, SUNY/Buffalo [1992-present; Co-Dir: 1988-1992]
Adj.Professor, Dept. Mechanical and Aerospace Eng., SUNY/Buffalo [1995-present; Adj.Assoc 1991-1995]
President, Society For Biomaterials [1992-1993]
Member, Faculty Senate and Faculty Senate Executive Committee, SUNY/Buffalo [1996-present]
Chair, Standing Committee on Research & Creative Activities, Faculty Senate [1997-present]
Graduate Program Director, Biomaterials, SUNY at Buffalo [1998-present]
Member, Editorial Boards: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, Journal of Dental Research, Journal of Oral Implantology, Trends in Artificial Organs and Biomaterials
Member, Jury, Science for Art Prize, sponsored by Moet Hennessy/Louis Vuitton, Paris [1988-present]
Member, LaMer Award Committee, American Chemical Society [1995-1999]

1994 - D. Odont. honoris causa - Lund University, Sweden
1994 - Engineer of the Year Award, NYS Society of Professional Engineers, Erie-Niagara Chapter
1994 - Founding Fellow, American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering
1996 - Fellow, Biomaterials Science and Engineering, World Societies for Biomaterials

Publications, including Relevant Abstracts and Proceedings (1995 - present)
Baier RE, Rittle KH, and Meyer AE (1995) Influences of surface chemical factors on selective cellular retention. in Principles of Cell Adhesion, PD Richardson and M Steiner (eds), CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, pp 41-62.
Glantz P-O, Friberg SE, Christersson CE, and Baier RE (1995) Surface and colloid chemical aspects of saliva-particle interactions. J Oral Rehabil, 22:585-588.
Baier RE, Lemons JE, and Meyer AE (1996) IDr3, Implant Data: Record, Report, Review - Final Conference Report, Society For Biomaterials, Minneapolis, MN, 68 pp.
Tsortos A, Ohki S, Zieba A, Baier RE, and Nancollas GH (1996) The Dual Role of Fibrinogen as Inhibitor and Nucleator of Calcium Phosphate Phases: The Importance of Structure. J Coll and Interface Sci, 177:257-262.
Baier RE and Meyer AE (1996) Physics of Solid Surfaces. in Interfacial Phenomena and Bioproducts, JL Brash and PW Wojciechowski (eds), Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, pp 85-121.
Baier RE and Thomas EB (1996) The Ocean: The Eye of the Earth. Contact Lens Spectrum, January 1996, pp 37-44.
Baier RE, Meyer AE, White JA, and Batte RT (1997) Spontaneous Low-Temperature Uniform Mineralization of Surface-Activated Substrata. J Dent Res, 76(IADR Abstracts):282.
Baier R, Glantz P-O, Heinegard D, Branemark R, Branemark P-I, Skalak R, Parsegian A, Osmond D,Lundstrom I, and Frangos J (1997) re: Osseointegration in Orthopaedics. J Adhesion, 60:95-97.
Baier RE (1997) Surface Engineering and Bioadhesive Strategies of Nature. in Prcdgs, Medical Design & Manufacturing Regional Conference, Minneapolis, pp 203/1-203/6
Baier RE, Meyer AE, and Forsberg RE (1997) Certification of Properties of Nontoxic Fouling-Release Coatings Exposed to Abrasion and Long-Term Immersion. Naval Research Reviews, XLIX(4):60-65.
Baier RE (1998) The Future of Biomedical Implants. Pharmaceutical News, 5(1):25-29.
Good RJ, Islam M, Baier RE, and Meyer AE (in press) The Effect of Surface Hydrogen Bonding (Acid-Base Interaction) on the Hydrophobicity or Hydrophilicity of Copolymers: Variation of Contact Angles and Cell Adhesion and Growth with Composition.

Research Profile
Beginning as a surgical technician operating heart-lung machine and dialysis equipment at the Buffalo General Hospital in 1959, he progressed through Bachelor of Engineering Science (Physics, Cleveland State University) and Ph.D. (Biophysics) degrees to post-doctoral training as a National Academy of Sciences fellow (Surface Chemistry) in Washington D.C. (1966-68). Dr. Baier spent sixteen years on the professional research staff of Calspan Advanced Technology Center prior to joining SUNYAB full time. He was Executive Director of the New York State Center for Advanced Technology in Health-care Instruments and Devices (1984-1989), and now is Executive Director of the Industry/University Center for Biosurfaces sponsored by the U.S. National Science Foundation. He is extensively published in many areas of biosurface physics, particularly involving dental and medical implant technology.

Dr. Baier is available for consulting assignments on a limited basis due to his teaching obligations in the Schools of Medicine, Dentistry, and Engineering.

Professional Organizations
Society for Biomaterials (Past President)
American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering (Vice President)
Health Care Industries Association of the Niagara Frontier (Director)
National Society of Professional Engineers
American Chemical Society

International Association for Dental Research

[Search for Publications in MEDLINE]

Representative publications
Baier RE, Shafrin EG, and Zisman WA (1968) Adhesion: Mechanisms that Assist or Impede It. Science, 162:1360-1368.
Baier RE (1973) Occurrence, Nature, and Extent of Cohesive and Adhesive Forces in Dental Integuments. in Surface Chemistry and Dental Integuments, A Lasslo and RP Quintana (eds), Charles C. Thomas, Publisher, Springfield, IL, pp 337-391.
Baier RE and Glantz P-O (1978) Characterization of oral in-vivo films formed on different types of solid surfaces. Acta Odontol Scand, 36:289-301.
Baier RE (1980) Adhesion to Different Types of Biosurfaces. in Prcdgs, Dental Plaque and Surface Interactions in the Oral Cavity, SA Leach (ed), Information Retrieval, Inc., Arlington, VA, pp 31-47.
Baier RE, Meyer AE, Akers CK, Natiella JR, Meenaghan MA, and Carter JM (1982) Degradative effects of conventional steam sterilization on biomaterial surfaces, Biomaterials, 3:241-245.
Baier RE, Meyer AE, Natiella JR, and Carter JM (1984) Surface Properties Determine Bioadhesive Outcomes: Methods and Results. J Biomed Mater Res, 18:337-355.
Baier RE, Meenaghan MA, Hartman LC, Flynn HE, Meyer AE, Natiella JR, and Carter JM (1988) Implant Surface Character and Tissue Interaction. J Oral Implantol, XIII:594-606.
Baier RE and Meyer AE (1988) Implant Surface Preparation. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants, 3:9-20.
Baier RE and Meyer AE (1991) Aspects of Bioadhesion. in Fundamentals of Adhesion, L-H Lee (ed), Plenum Publishing Corporation, pp 407-425.
Baier RE, Carter JM, Sorenson SE, Meyer AE, McGowan BD, and Kasprzak SA (1992) Radiofrequency Gas Plasma (Glow Discharge) Disinfection of Dental Operative Instruments, Including Handpieces. J Oral Implantol, XVIII(3):236-242.
Baier RE (1992) Principles of Adhesion. Operative Dentistry, Supplement 5, pp 1-9.
Baier RE, Meyer AE, and Natiella JR (1992) Implant surface physics and chemistry: Improvements and impediments to bioadhesion. in Tissue Integration in Oral, Orthopedic, and Maxillofacial Reconstruction, WR Laney and DE Tolman (eds), Quintessence Publishing Co., Inc., Chicago, IL, pp 240-249.
Muller-Mai CM, Voigt C, Baier RE, and Gross U (1992) The incorporation of glass-ceramic implants in bone after surface conditioning glow discharge treatment. Cells and Materials, 2:309-327.
Baier RE (1994) Biomaterials Applicability: Establishing Suitable “Materials Equivalency” Protocols [editorial], J Appl Biomaterials, 5:377-378.


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